N&W PL-4 Dwarf Signal
This Norfolk & Western Railway US&S dwarf signal is the first addition to the "Wiley Railroad Relic Garden" in 2015. This Union Switch & Signal Co. model was first introduced in 1930 and was called a PL-4, "New" model. Dwarf signals were used in railroad yards, as well as to govern certain side tracks and they were far fewer in number than regular, tall signals.
Signals on the old Norfolk & Western were called "Position Light" signals, meaning the arrangement of the amber lights would display the indication or aspect. All horizontal meant stop; all angled meant a cautionary clear and all vertical meant a clear signal. There were exceptions to these indications explained in detail in the railroad's rule book. In the late 1950's, N&W started to change from the pure, position light signals to a modification, using colors as well (red, amber and green). This system was called "Color Position Light." In the early 1960's, N&W started to operate with this new style for its dwarf signals and this is how my dwarf signal is configured. The signal aspects were as follows.
When used by the N&W, it is likely that this dwarf signal was located at HQ Tower, Bluefield, Virginia (milepost 357) to govern train movements against the normal flow of traffic at the faceing point crossover between the mainline tracks there. During it's years of service, tens of thousands of freight trains passed by.
This link is to a 12 second video of the signal illustrating all of its aspects (indications).
N&W Bridge Number Post
Chesapeake & Ohio RailwayStation Scales from Mount Hope, W V
One rail historian wrote, "Any station that handled express would need one of these as billing depends on weight and dimension. I am sure the possibility of weighing LCL (less than carload) items and passenger baggage (trunks, etc) would factor in. C&O had a calibration and repair shop at Huntington that handled these system wide and scales rotated from place to place as they were out shopped." The scales' deck is 17-1/2" by 26-1/2" and the balancing tower reaches 45 inches.